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How well prepared is Europe for advanced population ageing? Can we face the challenges? Can we seize the opportunities? It is these questions, the book “Population ageing in Europe” seeks to answer.

This review was drafted by a group of experts on ageing from the Institute of Statistics and Demography at Warsaw School of Economics and the Cracow University of Economics, on behalf of the European Commission.

First, the report gives the broader context with an analysis of the European approach to demographic change by presenting the main EU policy initiatives in this area. In the second chapter, the book discusses the many dimensions of population ageing, presenting first the different theories and research approaches, then analysing the intergenerational aspects of ageing and finally considering the issue of well-being at older age. The third chapter focuses on the impacts of population ageing on economic growth and the labour market. It also considers the challenges of reconciliation of work and family life as well as employability of the ageing workforce. The final chapter provides insights into how to transform ageing-related challenges into opportunities for the EU.

Longevity is one of the biggest achievements of modern societies. In the last 20 years, people all over the world have, on average, gained six years of life expectancy. By 2020, a quarter of Europeans will be over 60 years of age. Combined with low birth rates, this will bring about significant changes to the structure of European society, which will have an impact on our economy, social security and health care systems and many other spheres of our lives.

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